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About Des Hunt. Des Hunt.

UNBELIEVABLE Discoveries Found in Caves

Des Hunt was a science and technology teacher for many years, interspersed with periods of curriculum development both in New Zealand and overseas. During this time he had several textbooks published to support the New Zealand curriculum. In recent years he has looked at other ways of interesting youngsters in science, creating computer games and writing non-fiction and fiction with scientific the Des Hunt was a science and technology teacher for many years, interspersed with periods of curriculum development both in New Zealand and overseas.

In recent years he has looked at other ways of interesting youngsters in science, creating computer games and writing non-fiction and fiction with scientific themes. The artefacts firmly date to the twentieth century and probably belonged to John Grubb's grandson John, and his wife Kate, who lived in the cottage between and The number of pharmaceutical bottles some still full and lucozade suggest an occupant of the house was ill.

However, as Lucozade was used medicinally for energy and the one legible pharmaceutical bottle is for Morse's Indian Root Pills — claimed to cure all kinds of illness — it is unclear the exact ailment they suffered from or why so many full bottles of medication were discarded. The archaeological investigation provided a fascinating look into nineteenth and twentieth century living. Stoddart Cottage, a listed Historic Place Category 1 building and archaeological site of significance, is located in Diamond Harbour. Stoddart Cottage was built by the Scottish-born Mark Stoddart who purchased a number of rural sections in what is now known as Diamond Harbour during the s.

By the s Diamond Harbour was described as a "beauty spot" with its "neat cottage, pretty garden and green fields about it. Building materials were shipped from Australia to Lyttelton followed by doors, sashes, glasses and furniture and the new couple settled into the improved cottage. In , the house was advertised for lease while the Stoddart's travelled to London with two children. The number of rooms described suggests that the west wing extension had been added by this time as it contained "Sitting room, five Bed-rooms, Servants room, Kitchen, and Offices". The Stoddarts' returned in and in , Mark Stoddart subdivided his land and sold acres to Harvey Hawkins who went on to build what would be known as Godley House.

After suffering earthquake damage, earthworks were needed to stabilise Stoddart Cottage and archaeologists were brought on site to monitor repairs. After an inspection of the building in , it was found that the two roomed rear section of the building was the earliest construction as the northern internal wall was filled with insulating dirt indicating it began as an external wall.

When the rotting floorboards were removed, it was also discovered that there was no piling and the cottage stood on compacted earth suggesting it would have originally had a dirt floor. Works undertaken were the repairing of two chimneys and fireplaces as well as drainage earthworks. The first excavation was of a double fireplace that was built between and All stone cladding and the brick base were removed and several black beer bottle fragments were discovered immediately. More glass was found in the underfloor space, as well as four coins that had probably slipped between the gaps in the timber floor.

One black beer bottle appeared to have been deliberately lodged under the foundations, possibly by the builders for superstitious reasons.

Cave drawing of moa – Extinctions – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand

In total, 84 artefacts were recovered from this feature, sheep bones with marks consistent with butchery cuts, many fragments of alcohol bottles such as black beer and cognac and condiment bottles such as a salad oil bottle and pickle jar. Of the coins discovered, one was from the nineteenth century, a British Empire penny minted in A slate pencil showing use at one end was also discovered along with a button made of shell. The second fireplace investigation also uncovered interesting artefacts.

A ceramic fragment of a large blacking bottle was found, blacking being used for a number of things including the treatment of leather. Again, alcohol bottles were prominent and as well as many black beer bottles, two whisky bottles were found that had come from John Stewart and Co, whisky distillers from Kirkliston distillery in Scotland between and A drainage trench was hand excavated and many artefacts were found scattered along the length. During this work, a number of timber weatherboards on the walls of the house were exposed and found to be rotting. When these were removed, the space under the house became accessible and more artefacts were recovered.

Many of the artefacts beneath a section of cottage built between and could be seen but not accessed and were left in situ. Recovered artefacts included a number of ceramics such as side plates, platters, a bowl and an egg cup. The egg cup was decorated with a transfer printed pattern featuring swallows, possibly in the style of the Japanese aesthetic that was so popular in England during the s and s when Japan opened up trade to the west.


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The actual drainage trench contained a number of ceramic and glass artefacts as well such as teacups, a chamber pot, jar, porcelain candle holder and a Lea and Perrins Worcestershire sauce bottle. These bottles are commonly recovered from nineteenth century New Zealand sites as they were imported to New Zealand from onwards.

A large number of artefacts were discovered during the repair work on Stoddart Cottage despite the small area investigated and the cottage has now been recorded as an archaeological site. Read more about Godley House. The workshop is the last remaining building of the Magnetic Observatory complex, which was used by Antarctic explorers and visiting scientists. Read more about the Magnetic Observatory.

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Skip to main content Skip to page navigation. Expand all. Collapse all. Moncks Cave. Excavation The first archaeological excavation was undertaken soon after the cave was discovered. Moa extinction questions answered Moncks Cave is also notable for answering key questions about moa extinction. Moncks Cave since the Canterbury earthquakes Since the Canterbury earthquakes, the cave has been inaccessible due to rock fall hazard.

Moa Bone Point Cave.

Te Ana o Hineraki — Moa Bone Point Cave

This famous cave has been investigated and excavated periodically since Significant site The area of Raekura Redcliffs was a significant site of shelter and mahinga kai food gathering for many generations of Maori. Excavation of the cave The original excavation in was overseen by Canterbury museum founder and director Julius Von Haast. Habitation and use of the site There is a theory that the different sites around Raekura were seasonally inhabited, this is evidenced by the similar timing of habitation at each location but the slightly differing artefacts and fauna remains.

Moa Bone Point Cave since the Canterbury earthquakes Due to rock fall hazard, the cave is currently inaccessible but you can visit Canterbury Museum external link to see many of the taonga unearthed at Moa Bone Point Cave in the Iwi Tawhito gallery. Grubb Cottage. Grubb Cottage is located on 62 London Street, Lyttelton and open on Saturday mornings from 10am to midday for self-guided tours.

Alcohol bottles. Pharmaceutical bottles.

Quick Reference

Lucozade bottle. Stoddart Cottage.


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  • British Empire penny. Slate pencil and shell button. John Stewart and Co. Egg cup fragment. Godley House. Read more about Godley House Find this and other heritage points of interest on our heritage map. Magnetic Observatory.